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FSUE “TsENKI” (Center for operation of space ground-based infrastructure) was established as a division of Federal State Agency in 1994 in accordance with the Government ordinance (August 24, 1994) on Russian-Kazakh Baikonur cosmodrome operation agreement (March 28, 1994).

In accordance with this ordinance the Russian Ministry of Defense started transferring Baikonur cosmodrome to Federal State Agency in order to execute Russian federal space program.

In 2000 “TsENKI” became federal state unitary enterprise (FSUE) (Government ordinance 770-r of June 5, 2000).

In 2005 FSUE “TsENKI” merged with NII PM (Kuznetsovscientific and research institute of applied mechanics) (Presidential decree 1442 of December 12, 2005; Government ordinance 823 of December 28, 2005). This merger boosted NII PM revenue, allowed modernization of the research facilities, increasedproduction of gyroscopes and platform-free systems for the country’s space industry.

FSUE “TsENKI” merged withNII SK (Barminresearch institute of launch complexes), “Motor” Design Bureau (Design bureau of transport and chemical machinery), “Vympel” Design Bureau and “Baikonur” federal space center. (Presidential decree 1784 of December 16, 2008; Government ordinance 54-r of January 27, 2009).

The merger with these companies boosted scientific and technological potential of the Russian space industry; maximized intellectual and financial resources efficiency in order to develop space- and ground-based systems, to improve the quality of Baikonur cosmodrome facilities operation and spacecraft launches.

In accordance withGovernment ordinance 996 of August 29, 1994Roscosmos(former Federal Space Agency) ordered to form a center for operation of space ground-based infrastructure – FSUE “TsENKI”.

At that time FSUE “TsENKI” main objective was project cooperation between the enterprises for the space industry and the Ministry of Defense in order to operate Baikonur cosmodrome in accordance with lease terms of the space complex. FSUE “TsENKI” divisions located on-site played the key role in completion of this objective.

Corresponding departments were formed in Moscow in order to make Baikonur cosmodromeoperation more effective, to prepare and perform successful spacecraft launches.

Federal State Agency got control over most Baikonur facilities (Presidential decree 1312 of December 17, 1997; Government ordinance 514 of May 28, 1998).

FSUE “TsENKI” was commissioned by Roscosmos to design space complex’s operation system (including the system’s implementation), to develop legal and technological framework for spacecraft launches.

New division – FSUE “Baikonur Federal Space center” – was formed on-site to coordinate and control fulfilment of these tasks. FSUE “Baikonur Federal Space center” and FSUE “TsENKI” functions were separated.

FSUE “TsENKI” key function remained the same: effective operation and checkout of the Baikonur cosmodrome and its facilities.

With the activity extension new division were created: “TsENKI-SEVER” and “TsENKI-ARSENAL”. FSUE “TsENKI” is still the leading Roscosmos department to prepare and perform spacecraft launches; to assess ecological situation; to operate drop zones used for Baikonur SC launches.