CENTER FOR OPERATION OF SPACE GROUND BASED INFRASTRUCTURE
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Baikonur Cosmodrome

Baikonur Cosmodrome is a spaceport located in Kazakhstan. It is the world's first and largest operational space launch facility. It spans an area of 6717 km2.

Baikonur Cosmodromewas originally built by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s as the base of operations for its space program. Under the current Russian space program, Baikonur remains a busy spaceport, with numerous commercial, military, and scientific missions being launched annually.

The cosmodrome is currently leased to Russia by the Kazakh Government until 2050.

Baikonur Cosmodrome consists of:

  • 15 rocket launchers
  • 9 types of launch complexes
  • 4 rocket launchers for intercontinental ballistic missile tests
  • 34 technical complexes for LV and SC prelaunch preparations
  • fuel filling system using propellant components and compressed gases
  • control center using advanced monitoring technologies
  • oxygen-nitrogen production
  • 600 distribution transformers
  • 2 airfields
  • 470 km of railroads
  • 1281 kmofroads
  • 6610 km of power lines
  • 2784 km of communication lines